Principles of Organic Farming


Organic farming system is a method of farming system which primarily aimed at sustainable agricultural production in an eco-friendly pollution free environment and being followed from ancient time in India. Organic Production system, keep the environment and ecology alive and in good health by use of natural resources to harness desired agricultural production for human consumption. In Organic production, environment focus is on using naturally available resources as inputs, such as organic wastes (crop, animal and farm wastes, aquatic wastes) and other biological materials along with beneficial microbes (biofertilizers/ bio control agents) to release nutrients to crops and protect them from insect pest and diseases for increased agricultural production.


  • Principle of health: Organic Agriculture should sustain and enhance the health of soil, plant, animal, human and planet as one and indivisible. In view of this it should avoid the use of fertilizers, pesticides, animal drugs and food additives that may have adverse health effects.
  • Principle of ecology: Organic Agriculture should be based on living ecological systems and cycles, work with them, emulate them and help sustain them. Those who produce, process, trade, or consume organic products should protect and benefit the common environment including landscapes, climate, habitats, biodiversity, air and water.
  • Principle of fairness: Organic Agriculture should build on relationships that ensure fairness with regard to the common environment and life opportunities. Fairness requires systems of production, distribution and trade that are open and equitable and account for real environmental and social costs.
  • Principle of care: Organic Agriculture should be managed in a precautionary and responsible manner to protect the health and well-being of current and future generations and the environment. Decisions should reflect the values and needs of all who might be affected, through transparent and participatory processes.